The urethra in men, what is it? Symptoms and treatment

Urethritis in men and inflammatory disease of the walls of the urethra, which often is due to a variety of infectious factors bacteria, viruses, fungi or protozoa.

The urethra in men

In addition to infectious causes, the inflammation can be due to allergic, chemical or traumatic impact. The urethra accompanied by itching, discharge from the urethra, burning and pain. Without timely treatment, the disease leads to the development of cystitis, prostatitis, or inflammation of the testicle and its appendages, and in some cases, can not be improved in the urethra can cause a narrowing of the urethra.

Therefore, when the first symptoms of infection, you need to consult a specialist to prevent its progression.

What is it?

Urethritis - an inflammatory process that is localized in the urethra. The disease occurs often enough, regardless of gender and age. Clearly understand what the urethra in men, the treatment and symptoms of this disease, you should have an idea of the anatomy of the male urethra.

Classification

Depending on the cause of the urethra in men is divided into infectious and non-infectious and infectious, in turn, gonococcal and non-gonococcal.

Non-gonococcal urethritis is divided into types depending on the causative agent:

  • bacterial (caused by conditionally pathogenic microflora);
  • chlamydia;
  • Trichomonas;
  • fungal (candida, fungi);
  • virus;
  • tuberculosis;
  • ureaplasma;
  • mycoplasma;
  • gardnerellosis;
  • mixed.

Infectious urethritis in men can be of the following types:

  • allergic;
  • traumatic;
  • congestive (congestive).
the urethra

For the duration of the disease to secrete fresh (acute, subacute and torpid) and chronic urethritis.

Depending on the localization of the pathological process:

  • anterior urethra – anterior urethra, i.e. the closer to the outlet head of the penis;
  • rear – the rear part of the urethra, in other words, is localized closer to the bladder.

The primacy of the development of the inflammatory process there are the following types of urethritis in men:

  • primary – when an infectious disease develops in the urethra;
  • secondary – when the infection of the urinary tract infiltrates adjacent organs, which are a hotbed of infection.

Most often the infectious agents from the urethra to the bladder, the prostate, where inflammation develops.

What are the causes of urethritis?

The main reasons that cause development of urethritis in men doctor are:

  1. Diseases that can be transmitted during sexual intercourse without a condom (herpes, HPV, gonorrhea, Trichomonas, Ureaplasma, chlamydia, etc.). In principle, inflammation of the urethra is only a symptom, such as infections.
  2. Violation of metabolic processes (especially in the pelvic area).
  3. Effects the body a variety of toxic substances.
  4. Stagnant processes in the pelvic area. This leads to the development of congestive urethra. The appearance of stagnation of venous blood is preceded by constipation, hemorrhoids, in the practice of interrupted intercourse.
  5. Allergy, which can cause food, personal hygiene or taking certain medications.
  6. A large number of sour and salty food with lots of spices in the diet, which can irritate the mucous membranes.

Predisposing factors inflammation of the urethra are:

  • unprotected sex with carriers of the infection;
  • failure to observe the rules of personal hygiene;
  • damage to the urethra (including during medical procedures);
  • kidney stones;
  • stagnation in the pelvic organs;
  • disorders of the metabolism;
  • hypothermia;
  • a lack of vitamin a;
  • irrational nutrition;
  • allergic reactions;
  • urethra irritation of chemicals containing means for care of body, spermicide, the"s, condoms, etc.

Untimely or improper treatment of urethritis in men dangerous the appearance of serious complications: pyelonephritis, cystitis, orchitis, balanoposthitis and prostatitis.

Treatment

The symptoms and the first sign of urethritis in men

With the development of the urethra in men complain of these symptoms:

  • low-grade fever;
  • urination;
  • swelling of the urethra;
  • itching;
  • at the end of urination possible by spotting a small amount;
  • pain when urinating;
  • burning;
  • the pain of a sharp character in the urethra;
  • share the purulent character of the urine pipe, which can be color-from yellow to green, and stand out in a large amount at the beginning of the inflammatory process.

This clinic develops regardless of what urethritis: non-specific or specific. The only difference is that the non-specific urethritis is confirmed, while samples of the other infections do not give a positive analysis.

Chronic process happens quite rarely and it occurs on the background of such situations:

  • weak immune system of the patient;
  • the incidence of pathological agents in other organs;
  • wrong or inadequate treatment of the urethra Made in the form of.

Note: when the disease becomes chronic, the swelling of the urethra occurs, and the stresses calculated. Often people think that the disease is over, but the disease itself has moved to the latent stage. If not do the treatment, strains of bacteria that have settled in the prostate gland and the seminal vesicles, eventually cause prostatitis, epididymitis, vesiculitis.

Complications

The male urethra following types of events:

  1. Without any treatment of the urethra or if it is not properly treated the disease can move from acute and chronic.
  2. The occurrence of prostatitis.
  3. Vesiculitis — that is the inflammation of the seminal vesicles.
  4. Orchitis — that is, inflammation of the testicle.
  5. Balanitis — inflammation of the skin of the tip of my penis.
  6. Balanoposthitis that is inflammation of the inner layer of the foreskin.
  7. Narrowing of the urethra, caused by a lack of appropriate treatment of the urethra, or chronic this disease. Advanced cases, with stenosis require surgical intervention.

There are several existing complications of male urethritis is due to the fact that the inflammation of the urethra can get into other organs and start to develop it: the scrotum, bladder and prostate can become victims of the urethra. To avoid complications require special prevention of the urethra.

Diagnosis

The first is to consult a doctor-urologist, which makes the amendment. If you find an infectious disease, then the patient is sent for consultation to the doctor. The patient is assigned to the following study:

  • it looks like the analysis of urine and blood;
  • take a swab of the discharge from the urethra;
  • tests collect urine for bacterial culture and a nutrient medium;
  • ultrasound of the kidneys and urine;
  • urethroscopy.
Bad habits

Pathological test results indicate that a significant excess of white blood cells and bacteria. If the fungus is detected, then diagnosed with urethritis Candida species. Diagnostic studies have been carried out that determine what antibiotics affect pathology. The whole study gives doctors understand how to treat urethritis and what medications to use, as treatment has the greatest impact.

How to treat urethritis?

At home treatment of urethritis in men should not be integrated. All procedures are performed on an outpatient basis, selects a medication expert. The patient should carefully follow all the appointments and adhere to certain recommendations during treatment. These are:

  • temporary rejection of sexual contacts;
  • strict adherence to hygienic standards;
  • implement all the doctor's recommendations related to the duration of the course of treatment and medication;
  • stop bad habits (alcohol, Smoking);

Mandatory adjustment in the diet, whose purpose is exclusion fatty, fried, spicy dishes, smoked meats, marinades, pickles, carbonated drinks, in short, all products that can improve the severity of the inflammatory process. The patient is recommended to drink more fluids, to respect the day, to avoid hypothermia, stress and the impact of other negative factors.

On average, the treatment of almost any shape in the urethra will take several weeks. Treatment in no event it is impossible to throw if signs of improvement and reduce the clinical picture of the disease. At the end of treatment is a test of a smear from the urethra of the channel to strengthen the recovery.

What antibiotic is prescribed for urethritis?

Treatment of urethritis in men appoint only the doctor after bacteriological examination and determination of agent. Wrong choice of the drug can cause complications.

Often antibiotics are used in the form of tablets, injections, suppositories.

Chronic gonorrheal urethritis requires the introduction of antibiotics the solution to the urethra. Treatment to complement the drugs, based on the hormones of the adrenal glands. Complementary treatment can be redness of the urethra antiseptic, the purpose of Immunostimulants, multivitamins (with emphasis on vitamins A and E). Physiotherapy is used outside in the acute phase – will be held magnetotherapy, electrophoresis, laser treatment, processing of ultra-high-frequency pulses.

Complementary therapies

In addition to the basic course of antibiotics, which act to suppress the acute symptoms of the disease are common and other treatments, such as physiotherapy.

Local procedures, with the introduction of drugs directly into the urethra. Local nurse gives good results, because part of the treatment in the urethra.

Physiotherapy treatment is used only in chronic urethritis, acute inflammatory processes, they are contraindicated. Set electrophoresis, UHF, laser therapy, magneto therapy. But all these methods require a systematic and competent medical supervision.

Celery

Food

At home treatment of urethritis should be supplemented with proper nutrition and a healthy lifestyle. This is especially important when infection has several bodies at the same time. Please note the following instructions:

  1. Try to consume more foods that have anti-inflammatory effect. These include carrots, celery, parsley, blueberries and cranberries.
  2. To minimize the consumption of fatty, too salty, spicy and smoked food.
  3. Try to drink plenty of pure water. It helps to reduce the concentration of harmful bacteria in the urine. This leads to the deterioration of the symptoms of the problem.
  4. To boost immunity, eat more fresh vegetables and fruits. Drink juices, jellies and compotes. A mandatory part of the diet should be cranberry juice and tea with rose hips.
  5. It is strictly prohibited to use alcoholic beverages. Coffee, tea, and cocoa to drink occasionally in small amounts.
  6. You can't use foods that are in the urethra irritating. These are the spices, herbs, garlic, onion, spinach, horseradish and radishes.

Proper nutrition should be accompanied by moderate exercise and a complete rejection of bad habits. Try to spend more time outdoors.

Folk remedies

It is important to understand that to completely cure the disease folk remedies impossible. However, their use in conjunction with medication to help prevent relapse and accelerate recovery. This can be used decoctions and infusions of herbs that you can prepare at home:

  1. The infusion made from the leaves of black currant. This tool has an antiseptic effect and helps enrich the body with vitamins. Cook 3 tablespoons of dried leaves pour 250 ml of boiling water and insist to cool. After this infusion is filtered and taken 15 minutes before meals three times a day.
  2. A Decoction of oak bark. This tool will remove the pain and burning sensation, which appeared at the time of urination. For boiling 1 tbsp of raw materials, pour 250 ml of boiling water and keep in a water bath for about 20 minutes. After cooling, the broth is filtered and approved for 1 tablespoon before each meal. Use the broth also sitz baths.
  3. Infusion of cornflower. Prepare 1 teaspoon of dried flowers pour 250 ml boiling water and infused for at least 1 hour. After that, the medium is filtered and taken three times a day before meals for 2 tablespoons. The drug helps to relieve inflammation and normalize the microflora.
Infusion of cornflower

Prevention

Preventive measures are simple measures, that can almost to zero to reduce the risk of any of the urethra.

To avoid hypothermia and injuries to the penis. Living a healthy way of life and drop bad habits, if any. If you are unsure of your partners, use of barrier contraceptives, which help protect the body from sexually transmitted diseases.

It is desirable to have many partners for sex. Remember to observe good personal hygiene, do not wear someone else's underwear and hygiene products.