BPH in men: symptoms, treatment, diagnosis

Modern medicine are often confronted with cases of BPH. Symptoms, treatment, reviews men about the various methods of treatment — this is important information, which need to see a representative of the male sex. After all, the sooner people will pay attention to the symptoms and go to the doctor, the greater the likelihood that the disease can survive without serious consequences.

Adenoma of the prostate in men

General information about the disease. Statistics

Why develop BPH in men? Symptoms, treatment, reviews or other therapeutic procedures is described below. But first you should learn the General information.

The prostate gland is an unpaired organ, located below the bladder, covering the initial part of the urethra. Sometimes for one reason or another began with an unusual cell division in the prostate, which leads to strong and rapid growth of the connective tissue, increase the size of the prostate, the formation of its tissues, nodules and other seals. In this case, and they say adenoma (by the way, in medicine to describe a disease, often use the term "benign prostatic hyperplasia").

Hyperplasia is benign but permanent increase in the size of the prostate overlaps the normal flow of urine in the bladder, which is full of dangerous complications. According to statistics, the disease is recorded more often in patients older than 50 years. About 90 % of men over 80 suffer from some form of hypertrophy.

The main reasons for the development of adenoma

Modern medical practice is very often recorded the incidence of BPH in men. Symptoms, treatment, reviews, or other methods of treatment — information that is interested in each patient. But first, it is necessary to understand the reasons for the development of pathology.

Unfortunately, the exact mechanisms of disease development are not fully understood. However, risk factors exist and a list is available.

The first thing to remember-at the age of. As already mentioned, in most cases, the problem is faced by men over the age of 50 years. This is due to the hormonal changes caused by aging, testosterone levels decline slowly, but the number of female sex hormones partially increase, which may affect prostate tissue. On the other hand, adenoma cannot be considered a natural part of aging. In addition, the problem and the young men, however, are much less likely.

Potentially dangerous is the lack of exercise and sedentary work, as this leads to stagnation of blood in the pelvic area, making the tissues do not receive enough nutrients and oxygen.

There is a relationship between the development of hyperplasia and obesity. Therefore, doctors recommend to carefully monitor your body mass index.

The list of risk factors are poor diet, because it affects all organ systems and, again, often leads to obesity.

Joint development of hyperplasia and addictions, promiscuous was not found. However, statistical studies show that men are leading a healthy and active lifestyle, have this problem much less frequently.

Too much growth

What symptoms accompany the disease?

Unfortunately, the first stage of development of the disease occurs without any symptoms. But gradually the violations occur, and their severity is becoming more and more intense still adenoma. Symptoms of the disease are the following:

  • urination frequent, also at night;
  • urine stream becomes weak, often interrupted;
  • the bladder a person is burdened with the abdomen;
  • urinary incontinence;
  • leakage of urine after emptying the bladder;
  • pain prostate adenoma are also present, especially if the disease is associated with inflammation and other complications;
  • urine often becomes cloudy, it is possible to note the blood impurities;
  • have problems with erections;
  • there is a feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder.

The first stage of development of adenoma: the main symptoms

Symptoms and treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia are closely linked: the more expressed human concern for the patient, the more radical methods of treatment selected by the doctor. Of course, the clinical picture depends largely on the stage of the disease development.

As already mentioned, the first stage of hyperplasia often occurs without any symptoms. If any characters appear, the patients tend to ignore them, pasting a slight indisposition, as evidenced by the numerous reviews.

Urine flow is slow. To be emptied, the man has to strain your abdominal muscles. Patients have noticed that the urge to urinate more often, not only in the day time — people are forced several times to get up during the night, which of course affects the emotional state of the patient and the quality of rest.

Features of the clinical picture in the second stage

The second stage is accompanied by more pronounced symptoms. Emptying of the bladder, according to the patient will be a difficult man is constantly in position, which often leads to the development or existing exacerbation of hemorrhoids, the formation of hernias.

Urine stream becomes weak, often interrupted — completely empty the bladder to fail, with the result that the liquid begins to stagnate, which can lead to the development of various inflammatory diseases. At night urination often, often patients notice that I Wake up several times a night.

Incontinence, leakage of urine is another problem faced by men. Of course, this affects the emotional state and social activity of patients. They become more withdrawn, uneasy, irritable.

The third step

Symptoms of prostate

In the latter stage of the disease is difficult to ignore. The bladder wall are stretched, which can lead to short-term relief (e.g., pain goes away and the constant feeling of incomplete evacuation).

However, the desire to be emptied very often and become mandatory reviews, people can't control or stop the process of urination. Incontinence is often so intense that the patient requires the installation of the urine-receiver or use diapers.

It is at this stage often develop kidney stones, various kidney damage (even kidney failure). In addition to the systemic diseases associated with disorders of the urinary tract. Men often complain of dry mouth, constant weakness, poor appetite, weight loss, constipation. At this stage, patients usually requires resection of the prostate. But even after a properly done surgery urinary problems, unfortunately, continue.

How dangerous is BPH? The list of possible complications

For months and often years, the disease occurs without any noticeable symptoms. This threat is benign prostatic hyperplasia. Complications when left untreated can be very dangerous:

  • If the enlarged prostate gland constricts the urinary-excretory duct, then develops acute urinary retention. Usually, this occurs when it is exposed to certain risk factors, which include errors in diet, nervous stress, hypothermia. Urine accumulates in the bladder, accompanied by pain in the pubic area. Man is unable to urinate. This is a medical emergency that requires immediate medical help again of the outflow of urine, it is placed in a special catheter. If you do not run the procedure once, there is probability of damage or even perforation of the bladder wall.
  • Stagnation of urine creates ideal conditions for rapid population growth pathogenic and conditionally pathogenic micro-organisms. Adenoma is often complicated by a variety of infectious diseases of the bladder and kidneys (e.g., can develop pyelonephritis).
  • Stagnant urine is often the reason for the formation of solid concretions in the bladder and urinary stone disease.
  • Fluid accumulates in the cavity of the bladder, which leads to stretching, pathological changes, and sometimes damage to the walls of the body.
  • Increased pressure in the bladder affects the kidney condition — there is expand the ureters, cups and the pelvis. In severe forms of hypertrophy of the prostate can lead to kidney failure.

Therefore, in any case, you should not ignore such diseases as prostate adenoma. Symptoms and treatment of, diagnosis and peculiarities of surgical intervention is information that is a must-see.

Diagnostic measures

Noticing myself worrying symptoms, you need to see a specialist. In this case, it is mandatory for a complete diagnosis, it is important not only to confirm the presence of overgrowth, but also to determine the stage of its development, checking the patient presence of certain complications.

First of all, of course, make a General examination, which involves palpation of the prostate during the procedure, the doctor can note the growth and change the structure of the body.

Laboratory tests for BPH are also necessary. To perform biochemical analysis of blood to test the level of sex hormones. In addition to the necessary laboratory examinations of urine, which helps to confirm the presence of inflammation in certain organs of the excretory system.

Is necessarily performed ultrasound of the prostate. During the procedure, the doctor can determine the exact size of the gland, detecting the stones, to measure the amount of residual urine, check the status of the urinary tract.

More accurate results are obtained by magnetic resonance imaging.

A biopsy of the prostate is appropriate if there is reason to suspect that the presence of a malignant process.

Treatment

Features care

Drug BPH (no operation) does not help to get rid of the overgrowth is the reason to understand. But with the help of properly selected medicine will not control further pathological growth of the prostate tissue, relieve pain and soreness and normalize the functioning of the organs of the excretory system.

As a rule of BPH using alpha-blockers, inhibitors of 5-alpha-reductase blockers of muscarinic receptors. In addition, system care includes phosphodiesterase inhibitors fifth type, which helps to eliminate problems with erection. This is a list of effective tools. Treatment of BPH includes also a proper diet and regular exercises, which help restore normal blood flow to the pelvic area.

Folk treatment of BPH

Sometimes drug treatment can be supplemented with herbal teas and other recipes of traditional medicine.

Effective is the decoction of the bark of aspen. If BPH, this helps to cope with unpleasant symptoms, especially pain during bowel movements, and incontinence. To prepare the medicine just 100 g of dried peel pour a liter of boiling water, then keep on low heat for 15-20 minutes. When the broth has cooled, it can drain. Folk healers recommend to take the medicine once daily (1 glass).

Patients with adenoma, it is recommended to include in the diet of pumpkin seeds — they need to eat every day.

The drug can be made from peeled chestnut. 25 g of chopped bark pour a glass of alcohol and insist in a dark place for 10 days. You need to take one drop twice a day. The course of treatment lasts 20 days, after which we have to do a ten day break.

Folk treatment of BPH is only possible with the permission of the doctor. Of course, the above-mentioned instruments can not replace a full medical therapy, they play only a supporting role.

Preventive measures

By following a few simple steps, you can significantly reduce the likelihood of problems.

It is important to maintain good physical shape, especially if we talk about men with sedentary work or a sedentary lifestyle. This helps prevent stagnation of blood in the pelvis and relieve the masses of potential problems.

Doctors are advised to carefully monitor body weight, because obesity is one of the risk factors.

Folk treatment of BPH

Diet is also important for prevention. Have to give up fatty meats, limit the amount of consumed animal fat (eg. margarine, butter, milk). Harmful are sweets and flour products and alcohol.

It is necessary to abandon bad habits — they have a negative effect on health.

At least once a year to do a maintenance inspection. The sooner the disease is diagnosed, the better your chances of quick recovery without complications.

What to do for patients who have already found BPH? Symptoms and treatment in this case related to treatment it is better to start early stages of the disease. And prevent the development of complications (kidney stones, acute urinary retention, etc.), it is necessary to refuse the spicy and spicy foods, alcohol (especially beer). In addition, patients should avoid exposure and time to empty the bladder. What is important is to avoid constipation, you need to make a diet in fiber, drink plenty of fluids and, if necessary, to take laxatives.

The appearance of any alarming symptoms — a reason to go to the doctor, get tested and pass a series of examinations. You already know what the signs of BPH included — they cannot be ignored in any case.