The urethra is a disease which is characterized by the manifestation of the inflammatory process in the urethra. The most striking symptoms of the urethra inflammation is the expressed painful sensations during urination and the appearance of discharge from the urethra. This disease is diagnosed in patients of both sexes.
The urethra is a contagious disease, so its development is the result of exposure to the infectious pathogen. Such errors can be viruses, fungi, bacteria, etc. Also, especially in rare cases, there are disease, radiation, toxic, allergic and other diseases.
Depending on the, because the effect of the pathogen develops in the urethra, distinguish two kinds of disease: urethritis specific and non-specific. In the first case, the appearance of the particular urethra cause sexual infections (chlamydia, gonococcus, Ureaplasma, etc.) These infections can be combined with exposure to other viruses, fungi, bacteria, in the body can be several infections. In this case, the disease is complicated by the fact that, as a rule, people can not repair after the acute phase of the disease becomes chronic.
Non-specific urethritis occurs because the effect of conditionally pathogenic microflora. Its occurrence is caused by staphylococci, streptococci, Escherichia coli, fungi, etc. The disease in both cases, it develops and manifests itself in practice in the same way. But it is important to note that if the detection of sexually transmitted infection all sexual partners of the patient should be screened and treated.
Features of the urethra
As a rule, the manifestation of a special of the urethra occurs after sexual intercourse. However, it happens that a person is infected, and for a time becomes the carrier of the infection. In this case, the disease can occur at any time. Because sexual contact can occur, and nonspecific urethritis.
The reason for the development of the inflammatory process in the urethra to become the failure of the immunity against the channel wall. The urethra is constantly infected, to get the infection is through blood, intestines, skin, other places. Particularly serious infection occurs during sexual intercourse. Therefore, when the wall of the urethra can cope with the infection, the disease does not develop. But even a small disruption of the protective mechanisms of inflammation, which is associated with all treatments for symptoms.
There are several factors, which often becomes exposed to the process of the disease. First, the urethra in men and women may be due to single or continuous exposure. The occurrence of the urethra affected by the presence of urinary stone disease. When the sand or the stone moves in the urine through the tube, it is possible to damage the walls and the subsequent appearance of the urethra. Exposed to disease, penile trauma, too strenuous exercise, irregular sexual life. However, too high sexual activity and frequent change of partners could also trigger the development of the disease. Not recommended too frequently, eating spicy foods, and salty, sour dishes, pickled vegetables, large amounts of alcohol. To get in the urine, substances, such as foods can irritate the wall of the channel. In the end there may be inflammation or show the progression of existing disease.
Provoking factor symptoms the urethra often becomes insufficient drinking: irregular urination causing delay bacteria in the body, as the urine will wash out the bladder wall. At some time between trips to the toilet the risk of inflammation is significantly increased. Also the urethra can occur on the background of chronic inflammation occurs in the body.
Thus, there are many factors that may later become crucial to the development of the urethra. Consequently, this disease can affect anyone.
Symptoms of the urethra
The very beginning of the disease is manifested by pronounced symptoms of urethritis: pain and tingling, burning sensation and itching during urination. Also in the process of urination a person may feel other unpleasant symptoms. Such feelings arise in the genital and perineal.
Another important symptoms of the urethra inflammation is the appearance of a discharge from the urethra. They can be versatile. So, depending on what kind of pathogen caused urethral discharge are very abundant or very scarce. During acute disease the edge of the outer hole can become inflamed and stick together. However, in some cases, the development of the urethra is usually not accompanied by secretions.
Each subsequent exacerbation of the disease, the inflammation affects an increasingly significant part of the mucous membrane of the urethra. Therefore, the symptoms of urethritis every aggravation of are becoming more pronounced. Therefore, if the disease is not treated with sufficient methods, you might encounter complications in the urethra.
If we consider the symptoms of the urethra from the perspective of their manifestations for each type of disease, some noticeable differences in clinical picture.
So, acute urethritis in men and women the main symptom is severe burning and pain when urinating, the presence of abundant discharge from the urethra, swelling and visible redness in the lips of the urethra. By torpid urethritis has been observed subjective disorders. They do not appear clearly, in some cases, missing altogether.
If subacute urethra is to reduce the pain and swelling also to the urethra decreases the amount of secretions. Only in the morning sometimes is the shell, which connects external opening of the urethra. Urine is a transparent shade, can be purulent thread.
Chronic the urethra, which occurs because the wrong treatment or complete lack thereof, possible neurotic phenomena. Most often, this form of the urethra are present in the small discharge from the urethra. They become more abundant, the availability of some of the factors causing the worsening of the disease. It can be excessive alcohol use, agitation, hypothermia. Symptoms the urethra the chronic form is often similar to signs of other the urethra.
Total urethritis is characterized by inflammation of the urethra as a whole. Symptoms of this form of the disease similar to the symptoms of prostatitis. It is important to note that without treatment symptoms of bladder infection may disappear on their own. However, each exacerbation of the disease symptoms would be expressed even stronger. As a result, the patient can have serious complications in the urethra.
The diagnosis of urethritis
Proper care is necessary, first of all, to properly confirm the diagnosis. First, the doctor will try to figure out what's causing the provokes the occurrence of the urethra of the patient. So, to create a causative agent of the disease, there are a variety of laboratory tests (smear, DNA diagnostics, PCR). Often a doctor will prescribe an ultrasound of the pelvic organs properly assess their condition. Guided by the results obtained, the patient is prescribed a specific treatment.
The treatment of the urethra
The treatment of the urethra was the most effective, it is first necessary to determine which infection triggers the inflammatory processes of the urethra. In the treatment of cancer using the same care and for the treatment of thrush, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and other diseases of the reproductive system. The fight against pathogenic micro-organisms, use of various medications. First of all, antibiotics and also remedies, anti-fungal and antiviral action.
It is important that the treatment of the urethra has taken place simultaneously in both sexual partners, because of the high probability of transmission during sexual intercourse.
And specific and nonspecific urethritis are treated, guided by the same principles. Such a classification is important from the point of view, the specific selection of drugs for the treatment of the urethra, and also to understand whether it is necessary in the treatment of the sexual partner of the patient.
If the patient is diagnosed with a combination of urethritis and cystitis, it is important to use a complex approach to treatment. The doctor must designate the application of physiotherapeutic procedures, as well as the instillation of the drug into the bladder and the urethra. The treatment process can take several days or several weeks, depending on the severity of the disease.
Important is the correct approach to the treatment and the patient. Effectively, not only medicine, but also a doctor prescribed diet, abstinence from alcohol, drink plenty of fluids.
Once the treatment is over, and all the symptoms disappeared, should be mandatory to perform the test again to monitor the patient's status. This will help to ensure that the infection is destroyed.