Everything about the symptoms of prostatitis

Prostatitis is an inflammatory disease of the prostate gland in men. It is located behind the bladder, bending at the neck. It compresses this part of the bladder, which makes it very difficult and painful to urinate with inflammation of the prostate. It is quite clear what disease prostatitis is. However, every self-respecting man should know everything about prostatitis: what is prostatitis, symptoms of prostatitis, treatment and causes of the disease.

Causes of prostatitis

The most common causes and consequences of prostatitis in men:

  • Trophism disorder. Circulatory disorders and innervation are one of the main causes of prostatitis. Such disorders can lead to:
    • overweight problems;
    • maintain a sedentary lifestyle;
    • to use uncomfortable clothes.
  • Causes of the genesis of infection. Very often, the disease can occur due to a decrease in the level of microflora in the body, a decrease in the level of immunity, or the presence of foci of inflammation in neighboring organs.
  • Bacterial microorganisms as the cause of prostatitis
  • Disruption of the synthesis of sex hormones. One of the main reasons for the formation and consequences of prostatitis is the hypersecretion of male sex hormones. These include: testosterone, androsterone, androstenedione, androstenediol, and dihydrotestosterone. May cause inflammation of the prostate.
  • Presence of foreign bacterial organisms. It can be obtained from the intestines or other abdominal organs. Under certain conditions, they can cause inflammatory changes in the prostate.
  • Various pelvic injuries. Prostate hypoxia can occur due to blood loss or constriction of the pelvic vessels during trauma, which will undoubtedly lead to prostatitis.
  • Small pelvic surgery. Complications of some surgeries can cause inflammation of the prostate gland.
  • Rectal obstruction. Chronic constipation is a direct route to prostatitis.

Risk Factors

There are many factors that significantly increase the risk of disease.

  1. Having bad habits. Smoking more than 5 cigarettes a day increases the risk of prostate disease by 40%.
  2. Working with chemicals. Men working in this field get sick twice as often as others.
  3. Age. After the age of 35, every man's prostate size increases. This is normal, but can increase later, and in most cases it causes the disease.
  4. Violation of diet and food quality. Fatty foods increase the risk of disease by 30%, and fried foods by 35%.
  5. To take medication. Treatment with immunosuppressants reduces immunity and increases the risk of disease.
  6. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs). Such diseases include: HIV, gonorrhea, gonorrhea, chlamydia, herpes, candidiasis.

Factors that increase the risk of disease are worth knowing and avoiding: eat right, lead a healthy lifestyle, and minimize exposure to chemicals. This will sometimes help reduce the chances of getting sick!

types of prostatitis

Currently, doctors distinguish 4 forms of the disease:

  • acute form;
  • bacterial chronic form;
  • chronic form;
  • is chronically asymptomatic.

Acute form is very common. It is mainly caused by a bacterial infection in the body. In this form, the diaper is very enlarged and painful. Patients may experience cachexia, fever attacks, and low-grade fever.

Chronic bacterial form is the result of an acute form of the disease. If you do not treat acute bacterial prostatitis, it will progress to other forms with milder symptoms over time.

The asymptomatic form is characterized by an asymptomatic course of the disease and can be detected only during routine examination.

Development Mechanisms

Two main mechanisms can be distinguished in the history of the development of prostatitis:

  • urine (when there are inflammatory processes in other organs of the male genitourinary system):
    • decreasing;
    • increasing.
  • hematogenous (due to the presence of foci of infection in the body).

Prostatitis symptoms: first signs

How does prostatitis manifest in men? It should be remembered that the disease initially has the same symptoms as most diseases of the genitourinary system. Therefore, if you find anything, you should immediately consult a doctor.

The first signs of prostatitis in men:

  • Dysuria. It can be expressed by urinary retention in the evening or morning. This is the first symptom of prostatitis.
  • Incomplete urination. The presence of some heaviness in the lower abdomen after urination is a sign of incomplete emptying of the bladder.
  • Potential disorders and pathological discharge. Sexual problems and changes in sperm structure serve as a signal of discomfort in the prostate gland.
  • Detection of pathological structures in the urine. Blood, protein, urination - all this can be a sign of prostatitis.

The disease may progress and the initial symptoms may complement the secondary symptoms. These are:

  • Inflammation of the genitourinary system.
  • Changes in the structure of the urine.
  • Pain that can spread to the right and left side of the lower abdomen.

Unfortunately, not everyone notices the appearance of prostatitis in men in the early stages. For this reason, it is important to know the signs and symptoms of prostatitis in the later stages of the disease so that nothing remains.

With the enlargement of the prostate gland and the presence of pathological processes in it, the following symptoms of prostatitis can be added to the main symptoms:

Consult a specialist for symptoms of prostatitis
  • hemorrhoidal inflammation of the rectal vessels;
  • pain during bowel movements, presence of blood impurities;
  • chronic venous insufficiency, paralysis of the lower extremities;
  • back pain.

Knowing the symptoms of prostatitis, you can start treatment immediately.

When these symptoms are detected, the disease is almost 100% chronic. To maintain the health of your prostate, it is important to know what signs of inflammation there are and, if so, see a doctor right away.


Several types of tests can be used to diagnose prostate inflammation:

diagnostic options for prostatitis
  • Palpation method. The doctor feels the prostate gland with his finger from the anal ring and palpation. This is the most common method for diagnosing a disease.
  • CT and MRI of the pelvic organs.
  • urine and blood analysis.
  • Sperm analysis.
  • Remove and analyze prostate secretion.
  • Scintigraphy.

The main tests for the diagnosis of prostatitis include:

  • three glasses of urine sample;
  • general urine and blood tests;
  • uroflowmetry;
  • microbiological analysis.

Do not neglect scheduled visits to the doctor, because it is very difficult for an ordinary person to know everything about prostatitis, as it will help to quickly detect and begin treatment of prostatitis.

Prostatitis Treatment

Prostatitis should usually be treated on an outpatient basis. Several important principles remain in the implementation of complex treatment of the disease:

  • to carry out therapy aimed at combating the bacterial cause of the disease;
  • Improving the quality of blood circulation in the prostate:
    • various massages;
    • healing exercises.

There are some general principles for treating prostatitis:

  1. Regular medications according to schedule.
  2. Maintain a normal sex life for a man.
  3. Medical exercises aimed at normalizing blood circulation in the prostate.
  4. Diet as a way to treat prostatitis in men
  5. Avoid tobacco.
  6. Rational diet:
    • Avoid fatty, spicy, fried foods;
    • refrain from drinking alcoholic beverages, coffee, strong teas, soda;
    • Eat foods rich in vitamins and minerals, as well as essential amino acids.

Basic treatments for prostatitis:

  1. Prescribing anti-inflammatory drugs, as well as drugs to reduce prostate pain for the treatment of prostatitis;
  2. elimination of the presence of stagnation in the gland;
  3. Strengthening immunity with drugs-immunostimulants, as it is significantly reduced during the disease;
  4. Strict choice of individual medications.

However, it should be borne in mind that the treatment of acute and chronic forms has a different approach. For example, if a patient has an acute form of the disease, you should follow the treatment tactics described below.

  • bed rest;
  • antibiotic therapy;
  • Under no circumstances should prostate massage be performed because the risk of sepsis is very high;
  • intravenous medication to improve blood supply to the prostate;
  • oral use of anti-inflammatory drugs;
  • Use of rheological solutions for the treatment of prostatitis in connection with severe intoxication attacks of the male body.

The methods of treating chronic diseases are slightly different. For example:

  • to take anti-inflammatory drugs for the treatment of prostatitis;
  • Eliminate sexual problems by taking sedatives;
  • prescribing drugs that can increase immunity;
  • Strengthen the pelvic floor muscles to overcome poor blood circulation problems.

All this should be observed during treatment, and do not forget or leave some things after treatment.

It is important to remember about prostatitis that the sooner a patient begins treatment, the better the prognosis in the future. You always have to be optimistic.

Prevention of prostatitis

There are enough methods to prevent prostatitis, and they do not require special costs:

  • Get rid of bad habits. Experience has shown that smoking increases the risk of prostatitis by 50%, alcohol - by 15%. If you want to protect your man's health as it is, you should give up this "pleasure".
  • Avoid contact with chemicals as little as possible. If you work in a manufacturing plant, try to shorten the time you spend directly at the source of the chemicals.
  • an active lifestyle as a way to prevent prostatitis
  • A healthy diet. It should be remembered that regular consumption of fried and fatty foods is very harmful to health. Therefore, you should eat vegetables and fruits as often as possible, preferably seasonally.
  • Active lifestyle. You should try to play more sports, exercise in the morning, spend your free time in the fresh air. This will have a very positive effect not only on the prostate, but on men's health in general.
  • Regular medical examinations. Prostatitis develops relatively slowly, so it can be detected without problems the next time you see a doctor.
  • Healthy sleep. You should sleep about 8-10 hours. Violation of this regimen will increase the risk of disease.

Prostatitis can go unnoticed and gradually begins to deprive you of many of the joys of life. If you do not want this to happen, you need to monitor your health carefully. After all, you can only protect yourself and provide your prostate with a healthy future.