Prostatitis is an inflammatory disease of the prostate gland in men with dangerous consequences for men's reproductive health. Prostatitis can be treated with cheap and effective drugs that relieve pain and swelling, increase local immunity, and accelerate the renewal and regeneration of prostate tissue.
Features of drug treatment for prostatitis
Prostatitis is an inflammatory lesion of the prostate gland that can occur in acute or chronic stages and for various reasons. Medications for the treatment of the disease are selected individually depending on the form and stage, the man's age and general health.
Medications for the treatment of chronic prostatitis in men:
- antibacterial drugs;
- anti-inflammatory drugs;
- rectal suppository;
- glucocorticosteroids (steroid hormones);
- muscle relaxant;
- vitamin complexes.
Prostatitis can be bacterial or bacterial. In the first case, pathogenic microorganisms (staphylococci, streptococci) cause the disease, in the second - obstruction in the pelvic region.
When choosing the most effective treatment, the cause of the disease, based on the results of laboratory tests, should be taken into account.
Effective drugs for the treatment of prostatitis
Home medical therapy aims to eliminate the root causes of the disease, prevent further development of the inflammatory process, get rid of pain and anxiety.
The most effective drug should be selected by a doctor only according to the type and weight of the substance that causes the disease, as well as the age and health status of the man.
Antibiotic therapy for prostatitis
Antibiotics are mandatory pharmacological agents in the treatment of acute or bacterial prostatitis in adult patients. Antibacterial drugs destroy pathogenic microorganisms that cause the development of an acute or chronic inflammatory process.
List of fast-acting antibiotics for prostatitis:
Fluoroquinolones are broad-spectrum antibiotics, so they are prescribed for different forms and severity of inflammation. In the form of a chronic, advanced prostatitis, macrolides or tetracyclines will be most effective.
The duration of antibiotic therapy for prostatitis is at least 4 weeks.
Antibacterial drugs are taken in various pharmacological forms for the treatment of prostatitis. These can be oral tablets, rectal suppositories, intravenous or intramuscular injections.
Use of anti-inflammatory drugs
Anti-inflammatory steroids are prescribed when the development of prostatitis is not associated with bacterial pathogens or when antibiotic therapy does not give the expected results.
Anti-inflammatory drugs quickly eliminate the symptoms of the inflammatory process, reduce muscle tone. Such pharmacological substances prevent the further development of inflammation, eliminate swelling and have a pronounced analgesic effect.
With long-term use, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs adversely affect the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract, so such drugs must be taken in short courses (up to 5-7 days) with a weekly break.
In addition to relieving spasms in the pelvic region, pharmaceutical drugs restore normal body temperature, reduce the likelihood of thrombosis and normalize the full functioning of the prostate gland.
Treatment with alpha-blockers
Alpha-blockers are drugs that have a therapeutic effect on the normalization of urine and the restoration of erectile function in men. Disorders of urinary function are often seen during the exacerbation of prostatitis. In such cases, an alpha-blocker course is prescribed.
The pharmacological action of alpha-blockers is directed to the receptors of the sympathetic nervous system, which regulate the tone of the smooth muscle of the bladder. Drugs of this group suppress the activity of neurons that cause uncontrolled contraction of the pelvic muscles. It helps to relax the muscles of the urethra and normalizes urinary excretion.
Alpha-blockers are taken for a long time - up to 6-8 months.
When using these drugs, urine flow is normalized, painful sensations during urination disappear, the manifestations of inflammation are reduced and further development stops.
Administration of rectal suppositories
Rectal suppositories often provide a comprehensive treatment for prostatitis and prevent exacerbation of the disease. These drugs have many advantages over tablets and capsules - due to rectal administration, suppositories have a rapid effect, directly affecting the site of inflammation.
Rectal suppositories minimize the adverse effects of the drug on the kidneys, liver and digestive system. Suppositories contain effective, safe and natural ingredients - herbal collection, propolis combined with antibacterial and anti-inflammatory substances.
Pumpkin seeds are also used in rectal suppositories. Anti-inflammatory drugs with analgesic effect are considered effective.
Enzyme suppositories are often used to treat prostatitis. Accelerate the renewal and regeneration of prostate tissue at the cellular level.
Rectal suppositories effectively stimulate blood circulation in the small pelvis, suppress the inflammatory process, eliminate swelling and pain, and normalize urine flow.
Benefits of hormonal drugs
Hormonal drugs for the treatment of prostatitis are used only in the most severe, advanced cases. Glucocorticosteroids should only be prescribed by a urologist; In this case, self-medication is unacceptable.
The effect of hormonal agents is aimed at eliminating the causes of the inflammatory process and preventing its further development, restoring the normal state of the prostate gland and full erectile function.
Glucocorticosteroids are the most effective in exacerbating prostatitis. Quickly relieves pain spasms, normalizes urine flow and reduces swelling. Antiandrogen drugs may be prescribed to older men to reduce androgen activity and prevent the spread of prostate tissue.
Treatment should take into account that glucocorticosteroids reduce the body's immune defenses, so hormonal drugs are prohibited for men with HIV.
Hormonal drugs are used when antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs are ineffective.
Use of sedatives
Many men suffer from prostatitis, which is accompanied by erectile dysfunction, deteriorating sexual performance and decreased quality of intimate life. As a result, the disease adversely affects the nervous system, causing stress, anxiety and depression, nervousness and aggression.
The most widely used natural, herbal sedatives that relieve constant nervous tension against the background of acute pain in the prostate, urinary excretion and deterioration of overall quality of life.
More potent antidepressants are used for the long-term treatment of a chronic illness with severe mental disorders. Such pharmacological substances are used only with a doctor's prescription.
Painkillers are prescribed if prostatitis is accompanied by severe spasms in the prostate gland. In addition to stopping spasms, it also stimulates blood circulation in the pelvic organs, normalizes urine flow and reduces the tone of the smooth muscles of the perineum. In such cases, muscle relaxants may be used.
In many cases, painkillers are used in the form of rectal suppositories - for example, a drug containing natural belladonna extract.
When treating anesthetics, keep in mind that they only have a symptomatic effect - they stop the spasms of pain in the lower abdomen, but have no effect on the cause of the disease. Therefore, analgesics are used only in complex therapy, as well as non-antibiotic or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Taking immunomodulators and vitamins
Reduced immunity contributes to the rapid development of the inflammatory process, making the body susceptible to various viruses, infections and pathogens. Therefore, in addition to drug treatment of prostatitis, immunomodulators and multivitamin complexes are prescribed.
In the early stages of the disease, taking immunomodulators and vitamin complexes can help prevent dangerous complications such as urethritis. An effective addition to the drug treatment of inflammation of the prostate gland will be treatment with various dietary supplements and folk remedies based on natural herbs.
The most beneficial are complexes that contain propolis and other bee products, pumpkin seeds, duck peony, beaver flow, nettle grass, creeping fireweed, as well as burdock and sabal dates.
Effectiveness of prostatitis treatment
The effectiveness of drug treatment for prostatitis depends not only on the right pharmacological drugs, but also on the lifestyle of the man. A healthy, balanced diet, abstinence from alcohol, sexual intercourse, and regular exercise will help speed recovery, prevent prostate disease, and protect men's health.