Phimosis in men: causes, symptoms and treatment

Phimosis is a severe pathology characterized by disruption of the normal physiological structure of the penis in men.

General information

Phimosis in men is a pathological condition where it is not possible to fully reveal the head of the penis. Disease progression is usually very painful.

This pathology, necessarily requires treatment. Otherwise, you can increase the likelihood of the development of the inflammatory process the foreskin SAC and delay in the urine. Phimosis in men add a lot of problems, casual and even intimate life. The inability to fully expose the head of the penis leads to loss of sexual desire, erectile dysfunction and to develop a variety of infections.


What happens if not treated phimosis?

This pathology can cause a lot of negative consequences. First, patients begin to develop inflammation under the foreskin, provoking the stagnation of the secretions. In addition, due to the insufficient secretion of urine and its back contact to the urine-excretory tract infection occurs in the urethra.

The most dangerous complication of this condition is called paraphimosis. It is a sharp violation of the head. This pathology usually occurs after repeated attempts to expose the head during sexual intercourse. When the foreskin cutting off blood circulation to the penis, which leads to its swelling. Independent attempts to recover its normal status, usually fail. In such circumstances, without urgent intervention is necessary.

Why develop phimosis in men?

The reason for this pathological condition different. These include the following:

  • Genetic predisposition. Man is not an elastic part of connective tissue.
  • Mechanical damage of the penis.
  • Inflammation (balanoposthitis, syphilis).

Despite the fact that the causes of phimosis is very simple and timely resolve them could prevent the progression of the disease, experts still diagnose. The fact is, that men do not differ in the tendency to carefully monitor the health, as it is necessary to consult doctors.

Clinical symptoms

  • Difficulties in the implementation of the hygiene procedures. Looks like inability to completely push back the foreskin, which leads to a gradual accumulation of smegma. It is known, is the ideal environment for the life of pathogenic bacteria.
  • Swelling of the penis, violation of the normal blood circulation, sore to the touch.
  • Phimosis in men can manifest itself in problems with urination.

The classification of the disease

Depending on the degree of opening of the head is in the following stages of the disease:

  • The first stage is characterized by the difficulty release of the glans penis during erection in calm state, such problems were not observed.
  • The second stage - the inability to open the head of the excited state, even stress.
  • The third step. Every time I try to pull the foreskin appear bleeding and severe pain.
  • The fourth stage is characterized by painful urination, as the head of the penis is completely covered with skin.

Also there are several subtypes of this disease:

  • Physiological. Occurs in children up to three years. In fact, the disease is related not to the final development of the foreskin. After some time (5-6 years) head open. If this does not happen, you should consult with an expert.
  • Hypertrophic. In this case, there is a thickening of the epithelium of the foreskin and the bulge behind the head.
  • Atrophic. The foreskin is initially thinned and then completely atrophied.
  • Scar. The edges of the foreskin scars are formed in different sizes.


The first reception the doctor to collect a complete medical history, listens to the complaints. In addition, the expert can ask a few clarifying questions (when were problems with urination, whether preceded by symptoms of mechanical damage, etc.).

Diagnostics of this disease is usually straightforward and based on visual inspection of the sexual organ. The doctor also evaluates the degree of exposure to the head, the presence of pus under the foreskin. In some cases, in addition, you may be necessary to consult a surgeon.

How to treat phimosis in men?

In most cases, remove this pathology is possible only with the help of surgical intervention. However, there are conservative methods. One such treatment options is a gradual stretching of the foreskin.

Consistent stretching is recommended before the onset of moderate pain and repeat several times a day for 10 minutes. In the process of direct expansion pass, you can gradually increase the amplitude of the translational movements of the full exposure of the head. Increases the effectiveness of it is recommended before the procedure take a hot bath.

Phimosis in men is sometimes treatable with medication. It means the application of head creams corticosteroids. These medicines are aimed at improving the elasticity of the epithelium, reduce the inflammatory process and swelling. They should be every day for two months to RUB the head.


How else can you win phimosis in men? Treatment surgical intervention is the most effective option for getting rid of such disease. Surgery usually involves the formation of three zigzag incisions in the foreskin and then stitching. According to experts, this treatment is almost 100% of cases allows to achieve the desired results.

When the cicatricial variant of the disease is advised to remove the foreskin in a circle, that is, circumcision.

Clinical symptoms

After surgery

Despite the relatively high effectiveness of surgical treatment of doctors note in selected patients, the occurrence of various complications. Frequent occurrence of minor bleeding caused by careless sewing, and / or inflammation of the outer part of the urethra.

How to prevent the development of such complications in patients with a diagnosis of "phimosis"? Men after surgery, these problems can be avoided if you follow all the recommendations of the doctor. It is necessary to take baths with potassium permanganate, use a special anti-bacterial creams. In some cases, may require additional surgery to repair the defects in the appearance of the foreskin and restore the proper contours of the urethra.


In this article, we talked about it, what is pathology, such as phimosis in males. Surgery is the most effective method of treatment. The appearance of the first symptoms should not delay visit to the doctor in a box. Better at an early stage to cure this disease, and did not think about its consequences. Healthy!